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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format (Abstracts and Full Papers).
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

  • Abstracts should not be more than 300 words in English, typed in Times New Roman, Font 12 with a line spacing of 1.5 and should outline the aims, content and conclusions and include Key words (7 max), Sub-Theme, Title, Authors' Name, Affiliations, Email Address, and Telephone Number of the Corresponding author. Note:NO NAME SHOULD APPEAR ON THE SUBMITTED ABSTRACT-ANONYMOUS SUBMISSION (The  page should only contain the Title and the Content)
  • Only authors who submit full papers will be on the presenters' programme.
  • Full papers of 3000-4000 words(5-6 pages)should be prepared in Times New Roman Font 12 and spacing 1.5.
  • Experimental Papers: These should include a cover page with the Title of the paper, Authors and Affiliation Details, Abstract (max. 300 words), Key words(5max),Introduction, Materials& Methods,Results and Discussion,Conclusion,Acknowledgements andReferences.
  • Theoretical/ Review Papers: These should include a cover page with Title of the Paper, Authors and Affiliation Details, Abstract (max. 300 words), Key words (5 max), Introduction, Literature Review, Theoretical Analysis, Application, Conclusion, Acknowledgements and References.
  • Posters: A4 size ( 11.7" x 8.3") or (11.7" by 11.7") or within that aspect ratio, proportionally formatted and the submission MUST either be in PDF, Powerpoint or Publisher file formats.
  • Footnotes and References: Footnotes should be kept to a minimum, numbered consecutively and placed together at the bottom of a page. References to publications should be placed in the text in parenthesis (last name, year) and alphabetized at the end of the article in a standard recognized format.
  • Tables and Illustrations: Tables should be numbered in Roman numerals and given specific titles at the top. Tables should not be enclosed in a grid, but be given the top, bottom and subheading borders only. Other illustrations (e.g. figures) should be numbered in Arabic numerals and carry specific titles at the bottom. Tables and figures should be placed in series at the end of the paper, not in the text body. Only tables and figures referred to in the textshould be presented.
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Health Systems, Science and Technology

Papers preferred under this sub theme are those discussing innovations in universal healthcare services, global pandemic management and preparedness, modern and advanced laboratory and diagnostic techniques, chronic disease management, drug and vaccine development, one health, zoonoses, sanitation, health policy issues, science (molecular biology and biochemistry, biosciences, chemistry, physics, botany, microbiology, zoology and mathematics), engineering, computing and information technology.

Innovations in Climate Change and Natural Resource Management

Papers preferred under this sub are those discussing innovations in climate change management, ecosystem restoration, smart and green development, sustainable resource use, disaster risk reduction, resource use conflict management.

Transformative Education for Social-Economic Adaptability

The papers under this sub theme should include education and 21st century skills, education and global citizenship, Covid19 and education, education and vaccine nationalism, competency-based education as a curriculum innovation, teacher quality and students’ achievement, application of ICT in education, Goals, Policy, funding and quality of education.

Literature, History and Culture

The papers preferred under this sub theme are those discussing research outputs innovations in the following broad areas: Language and Literature, Language and Communication, Language, Identity and Culture, Literature and Gender, Nature of History, African History, Economic History, Gender and life course, Television Programming in Kenya, Online Community and Relationships, Change and People’s Daily Lives, Socio-cultural and Economic Community Needs, Kenyan traditions, Cultures and Customs, Ethnicity and Family issues,

Entrepreneurship, Business and Trade

The papers under this sub theme are on e-business, e-procurement, Business Environment during pandemics, Technology and Entrepreneurship, Macro and Micro Business Environment, Online Bookkeeping, Online Training, Virtual Business Meetings and Conferences, Business and Organizational Communication, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Business Ethics and Finance.

Transformative Agri-food Systems

Papers under this sub theme focus on broad issues such as crop production, soil management, crop protection, phytosanitary issues, postharvest losses, animal sciences, (production, health, livestock systems, nutrition, genomics and breeding), fisheries, antibiotic resistance in agricultural systems, food science and technology, food nutrition, emerging food borne pathogens, food value chains, chemicals in the food chain, food safety risk assessment, food  waste management, nutritional food losses, economic impact of food losses, agribusiness, food systems.

Resilience and Rupture in Governance and Geopolitics in Africa

The papers under this sub are those on COVID19 and other factors and their impact on governance, service delivery, policing, national security, electoral politics, countering violent extremism, radicalization and terrorism, geopolitics, regional conflicts such as maritime dispute and researchers working on social issues. Resilience of civil society organizations and community structures in the face of pandemics and disasters, dwindling support of development partners, and restrictions on social interactions and delivery of vital interventions to communities, Globalization Impacts, Social networking, e-government.

Education for National Development in a Global Context

Education is a crucial sector for any country, playing a critical role in national development by investing in human capital development. However, the evolving nature of the 21st century, coupled with digitization, has posed challenges to acquiring and imparting knowledge to learners amidst the presence of a wide variety of distorted information. Further, the recent COVID-19 pandemic has brought the need to adapt and respond to the needs of learners as their aspirations keep on changing in this era of globalization of world economies. This points to the need to provide education that is relevant and connected to empowering young people to create jobs, respond to the employability needs of the current market and advance SDG-4 of ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. Abstracts, papers and posters presented under this sub-theme should focus on education for national development in a global context.

Literature, Language, Culture, Communication and the Creative Economy

Developing countries have faced a myriad of challenges in the post Covid-19 era. Some of these challenges include depressed economies, unemployment, runaway inflation, high cost of living, international terrorism, religious extremism, political instability, insecurity, human rights violations, disinformation, among others. At the same time, the post-pandemic era has seen a continuously advancing digital infrastructure which is increasingly influencing how societies create and disseminate information; cultural transmission; language, gender and representation; literature; communication, media and the general creative and political economy. Abstracts, papers and posters presented under this sub-theme should address how research and innovation can be utilized to harness the immense opportunities presented by digital infrastructure to promote the creative economy; enhance political participation and governance; promote human rights and security; reduce religious extremism and terrorism; create opportunities in the communication, media, literary and language sectors; enhance inclusivity; and expand the economy so as to reduce the cost of living and improve the quality of life.

Trends in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics

Advances in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) are essential pillars and drivers to innovative solutions that are vital to counter challenges due to increased societal needs arising from population growth, climate change and environmental pressures. The Government of Kenya has an established policy and programme on integration of STEM from early childhood development through to graduate education. Trends in STEM are also major drivers to the advancements in ICT and the 4th industrial revolution that is expected to alter living and working environments. Knowledge, advancement and application of STEM is vital in the development of more effective tools, toolkits, techniques and technologies, for design, development and management of infrastructure, environment, agriculture, ICT and industrial processes, with optimal consideration to resources, society, technical factors and time. Abstracts, papers and posters presented under this sub-theme should address how trends in STEM can be utilized to drive solutions and innovations that address Kenya’s identified priorities and other societal needs for sustainable development.

Sustainable and Safe Food Systems, Biotechnology and Climate-Smart Agriculture for Healthy Diets

Despite world food production keeping pace with population growth because of the Green Revolution, the United Nations has reported that the number of people affected by hunger has increased by 29.3% and 22% of children under five years of age are stunted. Many more have low-quality, unhealthy diets and micro-nutrient deficiencies leading to obesity, diabetes, and other diet-related non-communicable diseases. Food safety and nutrition are inextricably linked. To achieve optimal human health and wellbeing, people must be both well-nourished and free from foodborne diseases.  Additionally, current agro-food systems significantly impact the environment, including soil and water resources. Food systems encompass the entire range of actors and their interlinked value-adding activities involved in the production, aggregation, processing, distribution, consumption and disposal of food products that originate from agriculture, forestry or fisheries. Climate change has negatively impacted on production by reducing crop yields, nutritional quality and lowering livestock productivity. Climate-smart agriculture is an integrated approach that aims at increasing productivity, enhancing resilience and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Biotechnology through genetic engineering offers methods to improve food and nutritional security by raising the quality and yield of crops. Research and development on sustainable practices and solutions are required for achieving food and nutritional security while protecting the natural resources. Therefore, this sub-theme calls for abstracts, papers and posters that focus on how research and innovation can support the use of sustainable and safe food systems, biotechnology and climate-smart agriculture for enhanced food security.

Environmental, Technical and Policy Approaches in the Context of Climate Change and Adaptation for a Resilient Society

The consequences of climate change are on a global scale. Adaptation and resilience are the changes in processes, practices, and structures to moderate potential damages or to benefit from opportunities associated with climate change.  Therefore, this subtheme calls for abstracts, papers and posters that focus on: Restoration in the face of a changing climate; Innovation ecosystem for change mitigation and adaptation in a development context; Ecosystem-based adaptation to address climate change among the rural, urban and peri-urban communities; Urban planning and development; Gender and environmental governance; and the Role of Youth in conservation and Green ecosystem infrastructure as a tool in the management of peri-urban and other environments.

One Health Approach, Health System Management, Health Financing, Pandemic Preparedness and Surveillance

The health of humans, animals and ecosystems are closely interlinked and changes in these relationships can increase the risk of new human and animal diseases developing and spreading. Collaboration, communication and coordination is required between the relevant sectors.  Ensuring planetary health, proper planning, directing, and coordinating medical and health services, coupled with adequate sources of financing is required to ensure proper health and pandemic control. Further, the Covid-19 pandemic highlighted the need for pandemic preparedness. In the modern interconnected world, safeguarding global health security is vital for maintaining public health for any nation. Emergency preparedness is key to controlling the emerging public health challenges at both national as well as international levels. Surveillance systems, disease modelling and forecasting play a pivotal role in both policy building, disease detection, prevention and response to potential health threats. This sub-theme calls for abstracts, papers and posters that focus on the one health approach, health system management, health financing, pandemic preparedness and surveillance.

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