“Doctors” and “Professors” Conceptualization of Social Problems in Kenya; Evidence from the Streets of three Kenyan Cities and its Policy Implications



Social Problems, Policy Implications, Doctors, Professors


Streets of the three Kenyan cities (Nakuru, Nairobi and Kisumu) are decorated with posters advertising a “Dr”, “Mganga” and more recently “Professor” who are proving solutions to a host of social problems that supposedly the Kenyan society in general and the three cities to be specific face. There is commonality of social problems as conceptualized by the “doctors” and “professors”. It is not clear the basis of the determination of the social problems, their nature of as advertised by the “doctors” and “professors”. This study sought to examine how the “Dr” and “Professors” conceptualize social problems, the nature of the social problems and the policy implications of this conceptualization. The study was anchored on social constructionism theory; an ontological belief that social reality is built upon the perceptions and actions of the social actors (Bryman 2012). The study was conducted in the three Kenyan cities namely; Nakuru, Nairobi and Kisumu. The study used qualitative content analysis (QCA) analyze data that was collected through observation. QCA is a method of describing and interpreting qualitative data or material to arrive at meaning (Schreier, 2012) The findings of the study show that the social problems as conceptualized by the “doctors” and “professors” can broadly be categorized as; Security, family/marital related, human resource, male sexual performance, business performance, love and predicting once future. The study notes that these conceptualization of social problems by the “Drs” and “Professors” will not only delay but also compromise the achievement of national, regional and international policies. The policies whose achievements are compromised include but not limited to Vision 2030, African Union Agenda 2063 and Sustainable Development Goals.   

Author Biography

Mr.Eliud Okumu Ongowo, Egerton University

Mr. Ongowo is a Lecturer and PhD student at Egerton University in the Department of Sociology, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Mr. Ongowo holds a Master of Arts in Sociology (Community Development and Project Management) and pursuing a PhD in Sociology with a bias in Social Policy. Mr Ongowo is trainer of Trainers in a Peace Building, Expert in Mixed Research and Gender expert. Mr. Ongowo teaches Sociological Theories, Social Policy and Administration, Rural Sociology, Public Policy and Research and Community Development and Social Welfare.

Mr Ongowo has over 10 years’ progressive responsibility and experience in designing, coordinating and implementing Community/Rural Development, Orphan and Vulnerable Children, Peace Building and Conflict Resolution, Child Protections, training on Human Rights programs and Policy Analysis. I have a passion for Action Research, Policy Development and Analysis that have positive Socio-Economic impact on Rural Development. In addition, I have over 6 years’ experience at the university conducting research, teaching and examining students on Sociology and Public Policy courses.

Mr. Ongowo, previously worked for Centre for Conflict Resolution-Kenya and Catholic Relief Services where he implemented peace building projects and provided technical assistance to grantees to Local Implementing organizations. During this period, Mr. Ongowo was involved in action research that informed project implementation.


Bryman, A. (2012). Social Science Research Methods. New York, Oxford University Press.

Schreier, M. (2012). Qualitative Content Analysis in Practice. Washington DC, Sage Publications Inc.



How to Cite

Ongowo, M. O. (2022) ““Doctors” and ‘Professors’ Conceptualization of Social Problems in Kenya; Evidence from the Streets of three Kenyan Cities and its Policy Implications”, Egerton University International Conference. Available at: https://conferences.egerton.ac.ke/index.php/euc/article/view/172 (Accessed: 19 July 2024).



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